|The entrance to Rozafa Castle. Taken last April 2013 during our visit there. © www.traveleuroasia.com|
According to my travel diary (yes, I am trying my best to note down details of my travels), we departed Budva at 8:00 AM and arrived at 12:15 PM in Scutari. Considering the road condition going to Shköder, in which the roads are narrow and some are not cemented plus the long waiting time we had during the passport control at the border, that drive was really long.
|View of Shköder from the castle top.© www.traveleuroasia.com|
|The ruins of Rozafa Castle. © www.traveleuroasia.com|
Due to its strategic location, the hill has been settled since antiquity. It was an Illyrian stronghold until it was captured by the Romans in 167 BC. The 19th-century German author and explorer Johann Georg von Hahn suggested that the ancient and medieval city of Shkodër was located immediately south of the Rozafa hill, between the hill and the confluence of Bojana and Drin. The fortifications, as they have been preserved to date, are mostly of Venetian origin.
The castle has been the site of several famous sieges, including the siege of Shkodra by the Ottomans in 1478 and the siege of Shkodra by the Montenegrins in 1912. The castle and its surroundings form an Archaeological Park of Albania.